Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation
The effects of climate change undermine development efforts and most severely impact the poor, who are relying on natural resources for their livelihoods. In order to actively cope with these challenges, the GEF SGP helps countries to mitigate the negative effects of the Climate Change and to contribute to the overall objectives of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
GEF SGP supports community and non-governmental organizations in providing access to clean energy, sustainable transport, improving energy efficiency and land use practices. In addition to reducing emission and achieving global environmental benefits, GEF SGP climate change interventions help develop capacity of local communities and improve their livelihoods, empowering them to become more resilient to severe climate events and variability.
The projects in GEF SGP climate change portfolio include the following initiatives:
- Cost-effective renewable energy such as solar panels, solar heaters, micro hydropower plants, biodigestors and biomass generators.
- Energy efficient technologies for houses, buildings, and industry, including fuel wood-efficient stoves.
- Local sustainable transport solutions promoting mass transit, non-motorized transport, emissions monitoring and reduction, and liquid bio-fuels.
- Carbon storage, such as reforestation, cultivation and compost creation initiatives.
The Community Based Adaptation (CBA) is an important component of the larger picture of management and avoidance of Climate Change impacts and pressures by local people. It provides information and concrete examples on potential impacts of climate change and mitigative measures which are location specific and community managed. CBA also provides information needs which can be shared and replicated in an appropriate format and manner acceptable by communities. The need for information on adaptation by incorporating and building upon existing coping strategies of communities can be articulated and demonstrated through CBA projects.
Information providers—mainly researchers and academics---must be ready to learn from local communities and work with them to come up with adaptation solutions and actions that are both truly useful and have a strong chance of being adopted and owned by people on the ground. The key outcome and priority of the CBA is to reduce vulnerability and increasing adaptive capacity of communities to manage the additional risks of climate change and its variability.
GEF SGP will position and transform its strategies for mitigating climate change impacts at local levels to fully embrace all types of responses, including adapting to climate Change impacts at the most vulnerable localities and with the less resourced actors—communities themselves. In view of the above needs, SGP CBA objectives revolves around: i) focusing and supporting poor and vulnerable communities adapt to Climate Change; ii) providing a delivery support system that international aid can use to reach the vulnerable communities; iii) focusing on management of production processes and optimization of ecosystem services; and iv) combining expertise and knowledge from focal area work to address in an integrated manner, issues to do with water, biodiversity, land management and forestry, to meet community resiliency objectives.